The Commission for the Study and Evaluation of the Totalitarian Communist Regime in the Republic of Moldova was established by Decree 165-V of the interim President Mihai Ghimpu on 14 January 2010. Its mandate expired on 1 July 2010. The institution was conceived as a truth commission, but its relationship to state authorities was loosely defined. The presidential decree which established the Commission stated only that “the ministries and the other central and local administrative authorities will provide the commission will all necessary assistance.” Given the short mandate and scarce resources of the Commission, its main achievement was the access it gained to previously unavailable archives (including those of the secret police). Its members benefited from some government assistance (through the governmental Special Committee on the De-Classification of Official Documents) and received access to the previously restricted Archive of the Ministry for Internal Affairs and the former NKVD/KGB Archive hosted by the Intelligence and Security Service, the successor institution of the KGB. This favourable context allowed the collection's founder, Igor Cașu, who served as deputy chairman of the Commission, to systematically research the holdings of these archives and to extract valuable materials relating to dissent and cultural opposition under communist rule. Restrictions on access to these archives were reinstated after the Commission ceased its activity in July 2010. However, the materials collected by Cașu remained available to the wider academic community due to his willingness to share them with his colleagues.
During the conference archivists and librarians of the "Solidarity" Trade Union from foundations commemorating the opposition in Polish People's Republic, from State Archives, and from Institute of National Remembrance’s Archives presented information regarding the "Solidarity"-related resources collected by these institutions. The sessions of the conference were facilitated by, i.a. Dr Andrzej Biernat (Deputy General Director of State Archives), Dr hab. Mirosław Golon (Director of Institute of National Remembrance Gdańsk Branch Office) and Mr Stanisław Flis (Archives of the National Commission of the "Solidarity" Trade Union). The event gathered archivists and historians from outside of Gdańsk and the region, as well as representatives of Senate Archives, National Library, State Archives from Warsaw, Elbląg, Słupsk, Koszalin, and Scientific Libraries.
The speakers presented information on different collections managed by by the Archives of National Commission of the "Solidarity" Trade Union. Thus the Archives joined the mainstream of archives dedicated to Solidarity’s legacy and presented itself as a fully professional body boasting substantial and structured resources. The discussion during the meeting also focused on the need to elaborate a printed guide and an internet portal dedicated to the contents of the collection related to the "Solidarity" Trade Union. At the time the Conference took place, "Solidarity"’s activities became not only a subject of political science’s analyses but more importantly, a subject of scientific research for historians or sociologists of social movements. The conference, apart from serving as a platform for discussion on the available Solidarity-related materials, also presented a variety of angles and contexts for studying the phenomenon of democratic opposition in socialist times.
- Gdańsk Doki 1, Poland
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The exhibition took place in A.D.A., the alternative centre of culture in Warsaw. It displayed the history of Warsaw’s anarchist-ecologist-feminist-punk movement from the years of the transition from socialism to capitalism. The political-economic transition was conceptualised not as a turn or revolution, but continuation of the state oppression, police brutality, patriarchal culture, and chauvinist social order. Presented materials included photos, leaflets, brochures, zines, posters, and other types of graphic and written documentation of the movement from years 1988-1994. The exposition was the main part of the event, but not the only one. The programme of the show included concerts, happenings, discussions, workshops, talks by the movement’s veterans, and film projections. After two intensive days of the recognition and critical interpretation of the failed activities from the very first years of the movement, many exposed items were gathered and destroyed as reminiscences that should belong to the history and thus not impact the contemporary social and political resistance. The exhibition had no ‘curators’ due to the fact that it was assembled collectively by the Warsaw’s anarchist circles, but the informal group of main organizers included Tymoteusz Onyszkiewicz, Arkadiusz ‘Owca’ Zajączkowski, Adam Ryć, Jakub Możaryn, and Bogna Olszewska.
Tymoteusz Onyszkiewicz, Fuck 89 Manifesto, 2014.
A.D.A. website: https://adapulawska.noblogs.org/post/2014/05/24/wystawa-fuck-89/
The album God envies us our mistakes, published in 1999, summarises the 20 years of Łódź Kaliska’s activity. This colour, hardback publication with a DVD attached, presenting the most significant films and video performances of the group has secured Łódź Kaliska's position in Polish contemporary art. Also, until today it constitutes the most complete review of works, photographs, manifestos, drawings, and documents since the founding of Łódź Kaliska until the end of the 1990s.
The publication was elaborated, edited, and signed by “Łódź Kaliska Muzeum”, a collective effort of the whole group. Andrzej Kwietniewski is the author of the concept, while Marek Janiak’s work titled Embarrassing art for rational art (Sztuka żenująca sztuce racjonalnej) was used for the cover of the book. The album can be read in two directions: the neighboring pages are deliberately positioned upside-down and in different sequences; as a result, the book does not have a defined begging and end. Moreover, the front and the back covers are identical. This way Łódź Kaliska once more played a joke on the recipients of their art — in this case by challenging the routine of a linear and unidirectional order of reading of a print.
The fact that the album was published on the 20th anniversary of the group was not a coincidence. Łódź Kaliska published it independently (although with financial assistance from the Ministry of Art and Culture, Łódź City Hall, and private sponsors), also to accentuate their autonomous status in the world of arts, relatively independent from the galleries and museums.