Milan Hübl was born on 27 January 1927 in Nitra, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia). He was a Czechoslovak historian, teacher and politician. He studied at the Social Academy in Brno. From 1950–1964 he lectured at the Political University of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (CC CPC). In the 1960s, he was a researcher at the Institute of History of European Socialist Countries of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences in Prague. In particular he looked at the history of the workers' movement, recent Central European history and issues concerning contemporary socialism. At that time, he was an advocate of the reformist movement and in 1968 he actively participated in the liberalization process known as the Prague Spring. From 1968–1969 he was a member of the CC CPC and the rector of the Political University of the CC CPC. He was a member of the Czech National Council (1969) and a member of the Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1969–1971). However, after the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968, he was gradually stripped of all his party and political functions. In 1970 he was even expelled from the Communist Party and dismissed from his job at the Political University. In the 1970s and 1980s he was involved in publishing samizdat literature and in particular he contributed to independent samizdat anthologies. He devoted himself to the themes from recent Czechoslovak history, such as the expulsion of the Germans from Czechoslovakia after 1945, the democratization process and the Prague Spring of 1968 in a political, social and cultural context, and the relationship between Czechoslovakia and its neighbouring countries. At the beginning of the 1970s, he co-edited the samizdat journals “Situační zprávy” (Situational Reports) and “Fakta – připomínky – události” (Facts – Comments – Events). In 1972 Milan Hübl was convicted for alleged subversion of the republic and was imprisoned until 1976; Gustáv Husák refused to grant him an amnesty when he was appointed President of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic in May 1975, despite the fact that Hübl had supported Husák and even helped him with his rehabilitation in 1963 after a conviction in a fabricated political trial and had endorsed him during Husák’s promotion to the highest function of the Communist Party in April 1969. Eventually, Milan Hübl was released along with Jaroslav Šabata and Jiří Müller in December 1976 thanks to a campaign by human rights organizations from the West, inspired by Czechoslovak exiles. Shortly afterwards Charter 77 was formed and Milan Hübl became one of its signatories. He was editor of Lidové noviny from 1987 to 1989, a journal which was also published as a samizdat at the time. From 1987, he was registered as a State Security collaborator, although witnesses agree that he did not harm anyone. He did not live to see the fall of the communist regime in Czechoslovakia – he died on 28 October 1989 in Prague. His book Cesty k moci (Paths to Power) was published posthumously in 1990.
- Nitra, Slovakia
Date of death
Author(s) of this page
- Hanáková, Jitka
- Müller, Dorota
- Rajlová, Lucie
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Doskočil, Zdeněk. 2013. „Historik ve spárech politiky. Milan Hübl v šedesátých letech dvacátého století“. In: Komunističtí intelektuálové a proměna jejich vztahu ke KSČ (1945-1989). Praha: ÚSTR, 128–173.
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